Phong Nha Cave, inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2003, covered 85,754 hectares. It has been voted as one of the most wonderful caves in the world for a number of reasons: the longest underground river, the most beautiful underground lake. the highest and widest entrance, the most beautiful and widest dry cave, the most beautiful sandbank and reef, as well as the most spectacular stalactites, stalagmites and the longest water grottos,... then Phong Nha is the tourist attraction in Quang Binh.
Phong Nha Cave in Quang Binh Province was first discovered in 1899, and then it is used for many purposes. Legend has it that Ham Nghi King used this place to store treasure. And in the war against American imperialism, the Phong Nha cave was requisitioned as a hospital, a place to hide enemy bombs and store ammunition.
In 1992, a group of British scientists together with Hanoi University conducted an expedition to inside of the cave with the task of discovering and documenting. Between 18 March and 18 April 1992, several expeditions were organized and successfully discovered 7.729m of caves with a maximum length of 50m and a maximum depth of 83m.
Stalactite inside the Phong Nha cave
After exploring the beautiful caves with impressive images, the British Caving Association have made a big impact on International Caver magazine. From then on, Phong Nha is known as a wonder with seven criteria:
- The longest underground river- The most beautiful underground lake- The highest and widest entrance
- The most beautiful and widest dry cave
- The most beautiful sandbank and reef
- The most spectacular stalactites, stalagmites
- The longest water grottos
Phong Nha is the largest wetland in the world with a large underground river system. However, there are some places that are both high and large that water can not reach, in these places, visitors can freely contemplate the magnificence of stalactites that nature created like the magic. This cave is divided into three parts, each part is home to many different animals and has a large difference in temperature.
Entrance Area: The first few meters inside the cave are called the entrance area. This is the home of all the animals living in the sun, near the edge of the cave, they are species of birds, monkeys, fish, insects and many other species.
Entrance Area of Phong Nha Cave
Intermediate Area: This area has decorated with lighting system, known as the twilight zone, where light end and darkness cover the whole scenery that make a marvelous scene. In the intermediate area, species are mainly found in water such as crab, shrimp, eel, fish and underwater species.
Darkness Area: After the last electric light system in the area of 1.200m from the entrance area, there is almost the dark. In this area, the dynamic experience is darkness and the wind hits the cliff. The deeper into the shadow, the more exotic animals are, animals found here are species which live inside the cave without light like fish, bats and some kinds of insect. Also, a kind of red lizards can be seen in the darkness area but the chance to see them is rare.
If you have opportunity to visit Quang Binh, don't miss the chance to explore Phong Nha cave, the World Natural Heritage of Vietnam, you will see how miraculous the nature is.
Author: Freeland Journey